Predestination

Ephesians 1:5 “In love He predestined us to be adopted through Jesus Christ for Himself, according to His favor and will, to the praise of His glorious grace that He favored us with in the Beloved.”

In this verse, there seems less of how we are predestined and more of how God always had a plan for adoption. God knows who is in the book of life, but did God determine who would be saved and who would not?

If God determined us before we were born, then we cannot change that. We can’t lose it and others will never gain it. Does that mean the ones we love are already saved or condemned? Does it matter what we do then?

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One Response to “Predestination”

  1. I believe that Ephesians 1 is not at all refencing individuals who would saved and individuals who are condemned. It is clear from context that God has elected one person. That person is Jesus Christ. Verse 6 calls Jesus “the Beloved”. So, it is Christ that God has elected. Those who follow Christ are what Ephesians constantly refers to as “in Him”. In verse four of Ephesians 1, it states “just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love”. Notice the verse says God chose us (plural) “in Christ”. Then the next part of the verse explains why God chose us in Christ. God chose us in Christ to be holy and without blame. Notice it does not say God chose individuals to be saved and others to be lost. You won’t find that anywhere in the Bible. Therefore, God has chosen Christ or “the beloved”. All those who are in Christ – that is those who choose to follow Him, are considered the elect. The question now becomes, can a person choose not to be part of the elect? The answer is yes! In Ephesians 1:5 Paul writes that God has predestinated believers unto the adoption of sons. Many translations use a neuter designation, i.e. adoption of children. It is very important to note that the Greek word for adoption is actually formed from the word “son”. The masculine is used to connote the idea of an heir. That is to say that God has predetermined that believers will be considered as heirs with Jesus. In no way should one derive from this verse or the term “predestination” that God has predetermined who would be heirs. Obviously, God from eternity past knew who would be heirs, but the idea of Him predetermining the “who”, is not the intent of this verse.

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